red summer

The photo-based works in this project survey the sites of race riots and race conflicts between 1917 and 1923. The locations in this project are not meant to be comprehensive, however, they are offered as a broad sample of the post World War I conflicts that reflected a range social concerns.  A very simplified view of the causes are divided into three categories of particular concern for my project; growing African American response to decades of lynching, labor conflicts stemming from the mass immigration of white European labor and the disappointment of black veterans that returned home to second class status in a segregated and biased society.

The prints incorporate landscape images of the communities where many of the significant events occurred with fragments of contemporaneous newspaper accounts of the era. “Red Summer” is a name given to the concentration of racial conflicts (at least 25) that took place across the U.S. during 1919.